Chapter 4 - THE HARD YEARS

Chapter Four

The Hard Years


Research for this and following Chapters by Yvonne Cottman and Christine Verrall

      Richard was a very popular name amongst the various Verrall lines in Sussex around this time with a couple even marrying Marys to add even greater confusion for researchers. Thomas' Will below helps to sort the wheat from the chaff.

Richard Verrall

1 Richard Verrall was born Abt. 1680 in England.

Richard married Mary in Eastbourne, Sussex, England. Mary was born Abt 1684 in England.



They had the following children:

i Edward Verrall was born Abt 1708 in Sussex, England.

ii Thomas Verrall was born Abt 1710 in Sussex, England. He died Bet. 1 - 28 Jan 1766.
Thomas married Elizabeth Jenner 26 Sept. 1748 in Bishopstone, Sussex, England.


iii. John Verrall was christened 27 May 1711.

iv. Elizabeth Verrall was christened 18 Aug 1714.

v. Richard Verrall was born 10 Mar 1716. He died 19 Jan 1783.


The last Will and Testament of Thomas Verrall (above)

I, Thomas Verral of Excett in the parish of Seaford in the County of Sussex, shepherd, being weak in body but of sound mind and memory thanks be given to God for the same, do this first day of January in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and sixty six make and publish this my last will and testament in manner and form following, that is to say.
Fist I give and bequeath unto brother Edward Verrall,the sum of one guinea, also to my brother John Verral the sum of one guinea also to my brother Richard the sum of one guinea, also to my sister Elizabeth, the wife of John Sutton of Eastbourne in the county of Sussex one guinea which legacies I give to them and their heirs for to be paid within six months after my decease.
I also give unto my three brothers and sister aforesaid all my wearing apparel to be equally divided among them.
All the rest of my stock of sheep, household goods and all things whatsoever I...or after my just and lawful debts are paid, I give unto Elizabeth my beloved wife and to her heirs for ever whom I also make my wife Elizabeth full and sole executrix to this my last will and testament, utterley revoking.....all other wills before me at any time made allowing this and only this to be my last will and testament in witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal the day and year first above written.

 
The mark of Thomas Verral

Signed, sealed, published and declared by the testator to be his last will and testament in the presence of those whose names are under written:

Thomas Acton, David Boys, James Cooper


Will proved in Lewes Archdeaconry Court 28 Jan 1766 (Archdeaconry of Lewes will A61/291)

Richard Verrall (1716 - 1783)

2  Richard Verrall (Richard) was born 10 Mar 1716 in Eastbourne, Sussex, England. He was christened 19 Mar 1716 in Eastbourne, Sussex, England. He died 19 Jan 1783 in Eastbourne, Sussex, England.

Richard married Mary Marden daughter of John Marden and Mary 27 May 1740 in Eastbourne, Sussex, England. Mary was born 3 Oct 1713 in Eastbourne, Sussex, England. She died 25 Nov 1789 in Eastbourne, Sussex, England.

They had the following children:

  i. Anne Verrall was born 30 Mar 1741. She died 22 Jan 1822.

ii. John Verrall was born 19 Feb 1742.

iii. William Verrall was christened 13 Jun 1747 in Eastbourne, Sussex, England. He died 6 Aug 1748 in Eastbourne, Sussex, England.


iv. Thomas Verrall was born 26 Mar 1748. He died 20 Oct 1797.

v. William Verrall was christened 30 Jan 1752. He died 27 Jan 1822.

vi. Edward Verrall was born 1753 in Eastbourne, Sussex, England. He died 30 Jan 1755 in Eastbourne, Sussex, England.

vii. Martha Verrall was born 5 Jun 1756 in Eastbourne, Sussex, England. She died 28 Dec 1756 in Eastbourne, Sussex, England.


viii. Martha Verrall was born 2 Jul 1758 in Eastbourne, Sussex, England.

ix. Edward Verrall was christened 2 Jul 1758 in Eastbourne, Sussex, England.



William Verrall (1752 - 1822)

3 William Verrall (Richard, Richard) was christened 30 Jan 1752 in Eastbourne, Sussex, England. He died 27 Jan 1822 in Hailsham, Sussex, England.

William married Ann Michel daughter of Richard Michel and Anne Bennett 5 Apr 1772 in Ninfield, Sussex, England. Ann was christened 15 Oct 1752 in Ninfield, Sussex, England. She died 29 Jan 1844 in Hailsham, Sussex, England.

William and Ann had the following children:

i. William Verrall was christened 5 Jun 1772. He was christened 9 Oct 1798.


ii. Richard Verrall was born 23 Jan 1774.

iii. John Verrall was born 5 Jul 1778 in Ashburnham, Sussex, England.

iv. Thomas Verrall was born 28 Jan 1781 in Ashburnham, Sussex, England. He died 28 Jul 1819.

v. Charles Verrall was christened 1 Jun 1783. He died 21 March 1867.

vi. Mary Verrall was born 19 Jun 1785 in Ninfield, Sussex, England. She died 14 Feb 1857.

vii. Samuel Verrall was born 20 May 1787 in Ninfield, Sussex, England. He died 17 Nov 1855.
Samuel married (1) Elizabeth Allen 2 Dec 1816 in Hailsham, Sussex, England. Elizabeth was born Abt 1778. She died 15 Dec 1829 in Hailsham, Sussex, England.

Samuel married (2) Mary Rich 6 Nov 1832 in Hailsham, Sussex, England. Mary was born Abt 1785 in Hailsham, Sussex, England. She was buried 14 Feb 1857 in Hailsham, Sussex, England.

viii. Elizabeth Verrall was born 16 Aug 1789 in Ninfield, Sussex, England.

ix. James Verrall was born 8 Apr 1791. He died 17 Dec 1857.

x. Harriet Verrall was born 29 Sep 1793. She died 1844.

xi. Maria Verrall was christened 14 May 1797 in Hailsham, Sussex, England.



William Verrall

From Sussex Family Historian Vol 3 No 1 June 1977

Verrally Relieved!

William Verrall, the subject of this short paper, was probably born at the end of 1751 and was baptised at Eastbourne 30 Jan 1752, one of the younger children of Richard Verrall (Born 1717, son of Richard and Mary Verrall of Eastbourne by his wife Mary Marden whom he had married in 1740.

It seems likely that William's early life was spent at Eastbourne, the family subsequently moving to nearby Hailsham, and when in his late teens William went to work at Ashburnham. Among the parish records at Ashburnham is an acknowledgement of settlement 17 Apr 1771 given by the parish officers of Hailsham and owning him as an inhabitant of Hailsham. He may have been a labourer on the estates of the Earl of Ashburnham and he was still there on 5 Apr 1772 when he married Anne, the 20 year old daughter of Richard and Anne Michel (Nee Bennett). The marriage had been necessitated by the birth of William and Anne's son William some nine months earlier: Indeed, the churchwardens and overseers of Ashburnham probably "obliged" the couple to get married for there survives no order for the child's maintenance.
Nine days after the marriage a removal order was obtained for both William and Anne, ordering their removal to Hailsham, but does not seem to have been carried out although there is a long gap between the birth of their first child William, and their second John in 1778. The last baptism of the family at Ashburnham was that in 1778 of a son John and sometime within the following eighteen months the family moved to Ninfield, a neighbouring parish where it stayed until 1791 and produced five more children. However, by 1793 they had all returned to Hailsham, later events indicating that he move was enforced, due no doubt to the large and still increasing family which William was desperately trying to support.

Back at Hailsham the family immediately went on parish relief, and in 1793 and 1797 produced two more children, making 10 and thus completing the family. By 1802 six of the children had left home and the family still on parish relief consisted of William and Anne, a boy aged 12 (James), a girl aged 13, (Elizabeth), a girl aged 7 (Harriet) and another girl aged 4 (Maria). During 1801 the family had cost the parish 33 pounds 2shillings and 1 and a half pence in relief and there survive detailed accounts of assistance given until 1821.

From the accounts we learn for instance that the rent of William's house was 4 pounds per year and with further research it should be possible to locate where it was. Elizabeth the daughter was, in 1802 in service with Mr. Parks and received money for clothes but by 1804, when she would have been about 15, was able to earn enough to support herself. In 1806 Harriet received 1shilling and 3 pence for a pair of mittens and the boy frequently was supplied with shoes. It is clear such shoes as were supplied over the years were of poor quality, frequently needing mending as the accounts show.


A detailed account is given below and is typical of each year's entry: only in 1807 does the total begin to fall, and this can be explained by the children leaving home for good.


Expenses from Easter 1802

June 15 Flour from Easter to May 17th 11s 5pence halfpenny.

June 15 Cloth from Mr. Kings 6s 8pence

June 25 ditto for his boy at Mr. Bodys 12s 1pence

Jul 19 Relieved with 6s

Wood from Mr. Currys 1pound 14s

Half a years rent due Oct 10th 2 pounds

Mending his boys shoes 3s 2pence

Nov 12 A great coat for Samuel 16s

A pair of Boot Shoes for Samuel 15s

one shirt for Samuel 5s

one quarter of barley 1pound 10s


Dec 6 a pair of shoes for the girl

at Parks 6s 6pence

1803

Jan 12 Relieved for the purpose of

Clothing the girl 10s 6 pence

one overcoat for his girl 4s

Feb 9 one pair of stays for girl 7s 6 pence

one petticoat for girl 3s 9 pence

2 changes for girl 7s 10 pence halfpenny

Mar 31 2 shirts for Samuel 10s 10 pence

Apr 4 1 sack of oats 11s

1 pair of breeches for the boy 8s

Doctor 1 pound 10s

Half a years rent due Lady day 2 pounds
____________
Expense Last Year 15pounds 19s 4pence

Expenses from Easter 1803

Jul 20 Shoe mending 6pence

Aug 2 One bed gown & pair of stockings

for Elizabeth at Master Parks 5s

One Tuck Apron for Elizth 2s 6pence

2 changes for the Girl Elizth

at Parks 7s 6pence

Nov 1 1 sack of peas 1 pound 4s

Dec 1 " ' 1 pound 4s

1804

Jan 24 one pair of shoes for the girl

at Mr Parks 6s 6pence

one pair of Stocking for girl 2s

Rent 4 pounds

one load of wood 1 pound 12s


Expenses last Year 9 pound 4s

During the period 1801 - 1822 William Verrall received a total of 207 pounds 16shillings and tenpence from the parish by way of grants and relief; when he died in 1822 his widow Anne was allowed 2s 6pence a week and she survived until the beginning of 1844 and died at Hailsham aged 96.

William Verrall their eldest child is probably the man referred to in the following extracts. It seems likely that he served in the Sussex Militia: (see below)


Money received on Parish Account

1802 Aug 29 Recd of the parish of Ewhurst for young Verrals Family 46 weeks at 4s 6p per week from

the 7th of June 1801 to the 24th of April 1802 (the time the Sussex Regiment was

disbanded which cancel'd the order from any reimbursement from Ewhurst 10pound 7s

1804 Oct 23 paid for young Verralls child at Catsfield 20 weeks from 2nd June to the 21st of October

2pound 10s

1804 Dec 27 paid for young Verralls child at Catsfield 9 weeks from October 21st to December 23rd

1pound 2s 6p

What could have happened was that young William was balloted to serve for Hailsham parish, took his wife and child with him to camp at first Ewhurst, for a short time before being disbanded, was able to support his family for a year or more, and then possibly rejoined as a regular soldier leaving his family to survive on relief. It seems likely that his son, another William was the same as:-

1804 Aug 6 Children put out - William Verrall to Thomas Sharpe of Eastbourne Memorandum - Mr Sharpe hired the boy for a year, from the 6th August 1804 to the 6th of August 1805, and the Parish agreed to pay Mr.Sharp for the year -3pounds 18s

In 1809 yet another of William and Ann's sons was " on the parish". Charles Verrall, born in 1783 at Ninfield, married in 1805 Lydia, daughter of William and Sarah Crowhurst. At Easter 1809 the family consisted of one girl aged 4, one boy (George) aged 2 and an infant (possibly Sarah who was not baptised until December of that year). Between Easter 1809 and Easter 1826, Charles received 234 pounds 13s and 9 pence in relief from the parish!


So between them, over about 20 years, William Senior, William and Charles his son, had over 500pounds for support. It is small wonder that Hailsham parish was enthusiastic about emigration - for about 15 pounds each person, it could dispose for good of this regular drain on the parish rates.

Sources

Hailsham parish records at the East Sussex Record Office. Acc1333. Information kindly supplied by Lady Teviot.


Eastbourne Male Census of 1803 - Eastbourne Men at War - A Census of all males aged 17 - 55 in 1803

On the 18th May 1803, Britain declared war on Napoleon and France and the adult male population of Eastbourne together with all other Parishes in Sussex was called upon by a Variety of Defence Acts to defend their country. These lists of men provide a virtual census of the resident adult male population at that time. Under those defence acts, the Lord Lieutenant was responsible for recruiting men for the services (especially the Militia) and Parish Officials were required to compile and return to him lists of all men in the Parish between 17 and 55.

Codes Used

1. Men aged 17 to 30, unmarried, no children under 10

2. Men aged 31 to 50, unmarried, no children under 10

3. Men aged 17 to 30, married, or with two children under 10

4. Remaining men aged between 17 and 55 years

Verrall H Servant Voluntary Infantry (1)

Verrall John Labourer (1)

Verrall Samuel Labourer Voluntary Infantry (4)

Verrall Thos Labourer Voluntary Infantry (3)

Verrall Wm Husbandman (1)

Verrall Wm Husbandman Voluntary Infantry (4)

Verrall Wm Labourer Voluntary Infantry (1)
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Charles Verrall



  (1783 - 1867)

4 Charles Verrall (William, Richard, Richard) was born in Ninfield, Sussex, England. He was christened 1 Jun 1783 in Hailsham, Sussex, England. He died 21 Mar 1867 in Hailsham, Sussex, England.

Charles married Lydia Crowhurst daughter of William Crowhurst and Sarah Roberts 26 May 1805 in Hailsham, Sussex, England. Lydia was christened 21 Aug 1785 in Hailsham, Sussex, England. She died 21 May 1861 in Hailsham, Sussex, England.

They had the following children:

i. Martha Crowhurst was born 23 Mar 1805 in Hailsham, Sussex, England.
Martha married Frederick Jones 10 May 1825 in Hailsham Sussex England.

ii. George Verrall was christened 5 Apr 1807. He died 12 Apr 1879.

iii. Sarah Verrall was christened 24 Dec 1809 in Hailsham, Sussex, England. She died 22 Feb 1879 in Hailsham, Sussex, England.

iv. Jane Verrall was born 9 Jul 1812 in Hailsham, Sussex, England. She died 13 Aug 1832 in Hailsham, Sussex, England.

v. Anne Verrall was born 26 Dec 1814. She died 23 Feb 1895.

vi. Mary Verrall was born 27 Apr 1817 in Hailsham, Sussex, England.

vii. William Verrall was born 23 May 1819. He died 28 Sep 1906.

viii. Caroline Verrall was born 11 Oct 1821. She died 18 Aug 1904.


ix. Charles Verrall was born 7 Dec 1823. He died 1 Feb 1904.

x. Lydia Verrall was born 8 Feb 1828 in Hailsham, Sussex, England. She died 3 Dec 1833 in Hailsham, Sussex, England.

Charles Verrall

From Sussex Family Historian Vol 3 No 1 June 1977

In 1809 yet another of William and Ann's sons was " on the parish". Charles Verrall, born in 1783 at Ninfield, married in 1805 Lydia, daughter of William and Sarah Crowhurst. At Easter 1809 the family consisted of one girl aged 4, one boy (George) aged 2 and an infant (possibly Sarah who was not baptised until December of that year). Between Easter 1809 and Easter 1826, Charles received 234 pounds 13s and 9 pence in relief from the parish!


From the County Archivist Mar 2000

The Hailsham parish register, as you have noted, records the baptism on 4 June 1805 of Martha Crowhurst, who was born on 23 March 1805. The parents are not stated. Unfortunately marriage entries before 1837 do not record the names of parents.

However, a document among the Hailsham parish records (PAR 353 34/2/3), dated 18 May 1805, is a warrant for the arrest of Charles Verrall, who, on the examination of Lilly (sic) Crowhurst of Hailsham spinster, was adjudged to be the father of the female bastard child delivered of Lilly on 23 March last at the house of her father William Crowhurst of Hailsham. No doubt 'Lilly' is an error for Lydia.

This seems to resolve the matter: the child was Charles's, and he married the mother of his illegitimate child

Charles and Lydia's three lads, first George, then, William and Charles escaped England and emigrated to Australia in 1844 and 1849 respectively, never to return. George settled in Queensland, William and Charles in South Australia.


the Wish

May I see England,Though years go by

Before I realise my dream; before I die

May I see English cities, English towns,

Green fields and meadows, the sweeping Downs,

The village of my dreams, flowers in spring,

Quiet country lanes, hedgerows. May I see everything

That I have dreamed of. Should you ask me why

I long so much for these. I will reply:

"I have roots in England. Old though they be,

They are not dead, but rise and live in me."

Author Unknown

This poem is an excerpt from the book:
'Charles & Sarah Verrall & Their Descendants'
Compiled by D. Adams & G. Green
(This Charles is George's brother)